What does Dr. King’s handwriting look like?
Updated: 10. December 2021
The civil rights activist and minister’s speeches and actions resonated around the world and continue to inspire generations today. We all know what his voice sounds like, but as a typographer I became curious: how did he prepare his speeches and organized his thoughts in writing, and what does Dr. King’s handwriting look like?
This project is about creating a font based on the handwriting of Martin Luther King. The font is free for private and educational use. It works on every PC, Mac, and mobile device.
A new letter every month… or more. The font has lowercase letters, and it is possible to write English texts. Uppercase letters, numbers, and signs are yet incomplete. New characters are added every month.
Witness the creation: Monthly all users will receive an email with the updated font and videos showing and explaining the creation process.
Table of contents
- How is the Martin Luther King handwriting font made?
- What will the Martin Luther King font be based on?
- Update History
- Current status of the font.
- Who does the work?
- Download the Martin Luther King Handwriting Font
- Personal and educational use is free
- Donations and Funding
- How to use the font?
- Technical information
- History of the project
- Commercial use.
How is the Martin Luther King handwriting font made?
The creation process is a unique method developed to focus on the movement of the writer on the paper. This process allows reproducing the letters exactly and captures the lively character of a hand.
In the first step, I analyze the pen’s path and place tangents along the letter. A Bezier curve aligning along the tangents recreates the writing movement. The trail then extends to represent the pressure applied through the pen. Finally, the drawing is then placed in the font and tested.
On the right, you see the creation of the letter “M“ and “z”. The video plays 100 times faster than the original speed.
If you wish to read about the creation process in more detail, I have written an in-depth article →here.
The document is “An Autobiography of Religious Development.” An essay Dr. King wrote at the age of 22 for a course at Crozer Theological Seminary. Here he reviews the influences of his family and church on his religious beliefs. King recalls his first childhood confrontation with racism. The text is available through the Martin Luther King Papers
What will the Martin Luther King font be based on?
My aim with handwriting font projects is to open the door to the content of an author through the aesthetic of handwriting, and the general interest for typography and fonts. And with that to create awareness for the cultural activity of writing and to imagine a creative vision for the future of writing in the 21st and 22nd century.
Creating a handwriting font requires samples of every (lower- and uppercase) letter of the alphabet. I select a variety of manuscripts that are representative of the author’s hand and are interesting and relevant to give an insight into the author’s body of work and time.
The central development of the font sources on “An Autobiography of Religious Development.” An essay Dr. King wrote at the age of 22 for a course at Crozer Theological Seminary. The text is available through the Martin Luther King Papers Project at Stanford University.
But not all letters of the alphabet can be found there. So I am using a variety of other notes to complete the font. One of my personal favorites are these study notes Dr. King made about Hegel’s philosophy.
Current status of the font.
Uppercase letters 25 of 26
Uppercase Z is missing
✔︎ Lowercase letters 26 of 26
Initial lowercase letters 16 of 26
In handwriting, initial lowercase letters are often more prominent than in the middle of a word. Characteristic for Dr. King’s handwriting are swashes at the beginning of a word.
Final lowercase letters 11 of 26
Letters at the end of a word are written differently than in the middle of a word. For example, a characteristic of Dr. King’s handwriting is to end a word with a dynamic swash.
Numbers, Signs, Punctuation, and Diacritical marks
✔︎ Numbers 10 of 10
Punctuation is essential to writing. Without periods, commas, or question marks, it is not possible to form a sentence.
There are many signs that the font needs to function today. Examples are the Number-sign or Hashtag #, or the @ symbol. Many of which were not used in Dr. King’s time. The best way to go around these is to improvise them after I draw all letters.
Diacritical marks are essential to support languages other than English. However, every language has specific needs. For example, in German, two dots are placed over vowels (ä,ö,ü) to indicate a modification.
Update #24: 10. December 2021. This update adds three new letterforms, lowercase final-letter y and w, and an isolated letter form a. Further, the altering mechanism in the font is completely updated.
Update #23: 25. October 2021. This update adds two new letterforms, lowercase final-letter p, and x.
Update #22: 9. October 2021. This update adds two new letterforms, lowercase inital letter q and an alternative i.
Update #21: 28. August 2021. This update adds two new letterforms, lowercase final letters d and r.
Update #20: 7. August 2021. This update adds three new letterforms, lowercase initial letters e, g, and u.
Update #19: 30. June 2021. This update adds 5 new letterforms, lowercase l (version 2), and initial letters a, c, o, and s.
Update #18: 1. June 2021. This update adds two new letterforms, lowercase o (version 2) and u (version 2).
Update #17 10. May 2021. Added final lowercase letters: g, y, and the initial lowercase letter i (2nd variation). Size correction to numbers.
Update #16: 30. March 2021. Added numbers: 6,7,8,9,0,0(2nd variation), and semicolon.
Update #15: 27. February 2021. Added numbers: 1 2 3 4 5, and period.
Update #14: 9. January 2021.Added the letters: ă â à ā ą å ã ć č ç ě ê ė è ē ẽ ḡ î ï ì ī į ĩ ĺ ł ń ň ñ ô ò ő ō õ ŕ ř ś š ţ û ù ű ų ů ũ ŵ ẁ ŷ ỳ ỹ ź ž ż as well as the dollar sign and an alternative comma.
Added 29. December 2020: X, parenthesis left and right (), improvised: Aacute, Adieresis, Eacute, Edieresis, Iacute, Idieresis, Jacute, Oacute, Odieresis, Uacute, Udieresis, Wacute, Wdieresis, Yacute, Ydieresis, aacute, adieresis, eacute, edieresis, edotaccent, iacute, idieresis, jdotless, jacute, oacute, odieresis, uacute, udieresis, wacute, wdieresis, yacute, ydieresis.
Added 30. November 2020: initial p and f, alternative version t, altering mechanism to exchange letters as you type.
Added 29. October 2020: special form I, final-form t
Added 27. August 2020: J, initial form y, colon
Added 28. July 2020: Q, final form e, Alternative Form U
Added 28. June 2020: P, final form n, initial form i
Added 28. May 2020: Number: repaired ligature features, U, final form y and s
Added 28. April 2020: Numbers: 3, 5, 6, 7, 8 (Numbers are complete)
Added 31. March 2020: Capital letters: D — Numbers: 4
Added 25. February 2020: Capital letters: I — Numbers: 1, 9
Added 25. January 2020: Capital letters: A, R
Added 27. December 2019: Capital letters: C, E, O, V — Numbers: 2, 0 — Signs: hyphen
Added 27. November 2019: Capital letters: L, K, N, W, S, T, F, B, Y, H — lower-case letter: g — initial lower-case letter: t.init — Signs: Bullet, comma, quote-single (or apostrophe – very important for English), quote-double, quote-double left, quote-double right
Who does the work?
Now, with approval of the King Estate in Atlanta, I would like to continue the series and create a font based on Martin Luther King jr.’s handwriting.
Download the Martin Luther King Handwriting Font.
Personal and educational use is free.
You can download the Martin Luther King font for free to use it for personal and educational matters (non-commercial use).
Monthly you will receive an updated version of the font with more letters.
To use the font at your job or commercially please see below.
The creation process of the font is donation-driven. To make a handwriting font is a lot of work. I will add one letter to the font each month for free. On top of that, for each 100€ donated monthly, I will add one more letter to the font. The more people support the project, the faster everybody will receive a complete font.
I encourage you to donate monthly to the project. Even if it is a smaller amount, it helps the rhythm of the project.
Payments are processed through credit card or PayPal. You can cancel and change your support at any time.
For transparency, I publicly show the total number of supporters and donations, so that everybody involved knows how the project is doing. Please find a detailed spreadsheet →here.
I like to download…
I like to download and donate…
How to use the font?
1. Download the font.
After check out, you will receive an email with the font. Please have a look in your Spam-folder, automated emails tend to go there.
In the confirmation email, you will find links to download the file to use on your computer and another link to use the font on your iPhone / iPad.
2. Install the font.
Once the file is downloaded to your computer, you locate the font-file on your disk and double click it. Simply follow the instructions of your operating system to install the font.
If you are using the font on your iPhone or iPad, simply click the link in the email and follow the instructions of your phone.
Every month I will send you an update of the font with newly added letters.
3. Use the font
Everywhere you work with text, you can use the font. Once installed, the font is available in all your applications that support fonts. For example Word, Office or Pages.
Below is an example of how to use handwriting fonts to create a paper:
The Martin Luther King font will be delivered in OpenType format with PostScript outlines. This format is a standard and widely supported by all common operating systems like PC, Mac, Linux, iOS, Android, etc.
Terminal forms (special letter-variations at the end of a word)
Initial forms (specifically lowercase letters that are different at the beginning of a word)
Stylistic Sets (so you can pick which h you like better)
…and much more!
All fonts are licensed for private (non-commercial) and educational (in the context of your work as a teacher in a school or university) use.
EULA means End User License Agreement. Since a font is a design and software we need to agree on many things for example what are my responsibilities and what can you expect from this software. You can read the EULA for all my fonts right here.
Language support Every language has specific needs, for example in German two dots are placed over vowels (ä,ö,ü) to indicate a modification.
Here is a list of the languages I am aiming to support:
Afrikaans, Albanian, Asu, Basque, Bemba, Bena, Bosnian, Catalan, Chiga, Congo Swahili, Cornish, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Embu, English, Esperanto, Estonian, Faroese, Filipino, Finnish, French, Galician, German, Greek, Gusii, Hawaiian, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Irish, Italian, Kabuverdianu, Kalaallisut, Kalenjin, Kamba, Kikuyu, Kinyarwanda, Lithuanian, Luo, Luyia, Machame, Makhuwa-Meetto, Makonde, Malagasy, Malay, Maltese, Manx, Meru, Morisyen, North Ndebele, Norwegian Bokmål, Norwegian Nynorsk, Nyankole, Oromo, Polish, Portuguese, Romansh, Rombo, Rundi, Rwa, Samburu, Sango, Sangu, Sena, Shambala, Shona, Slovak, Slovenian, Soga, Somali, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Swiss-German, Taita, Teso, Turkish, Vunjo, Zulu.
Inspiration & History of the project.
2014 in the context of the 50th anniversary of Dr. King’s visit to East Berlin (1964), I came upon a radio recording of a speech he gave in Marienkirche. I took note of the introduction because of what he says about his name:
“I come to you not altogether as a stranger, for the name that I happen to have, is a name so familiar to you, so familiar to Germany, and so familiar to the world. And I am happy, that my parents decided to name me after the great reformer.”
What influence is it on a person to grow up with a name linked to history? Is it a burden or is it an inspiration to carry a name? For Martin Luther King jr, I imagine this connection must have been a source of inspiration.
With the handwriting fonts project, I am proposing a similar situation: What does it mean to write your thoughts and ideas with the “hand” of Dr. King, Luther, Einstein, or Freud? Is the author lurking over your shoulder as you write or are you dictating, is the font a disguise or mask to hide behind, is it a role to switch into and to see and act as if you were, is it a challenging discussion on paper or an uplifting empowering writing together? I hope that these projects enrich your daily reading and writing experience and serve as a source of inspiration and a playful encounter with history.
Back in 2014, listening to the radio feature, I wrote Martin Luther King (1929-1968) on a board in my studio. A friend saw it and suggested then that I should create a Martin Luther (1483-1546) font first. I launched a successful Kickstarter campaign in 2017, the 500th anniversary of the reformation.
In the Luther project description, you can read that I had planned to create the Dr. King font in 2018 commemorating the 50th anniversary of Dr. King’s assassination. But Luther’s half a millennia-old handwriting occupied me longer than expected. After the campaign succeeded, scholars from different fields (Historians, Palaeographers, Latin scholars) contributed freely to the documentation, expanding the work beyond what I had planned. These contributions gave the project new angles to the subject, which I value very much. I am curious to see how this project about Dr. King’s handwriting will develop and invite you to contribute and join this journey.
In 2019 I started a Kickstarter Campaign to finance the production costs at one time. The campaign fell short on October 26, which became the start of this website. Instead of crowdfunding the production all at once, this project works letter by letter.
You would like to use the Martin Luther King Font at your job or in a commercial project? There are two options to do so.
Every time US$110 (100€) comes together I can add 1 letter. You and all supporters benefit from the addition, making the Martin Luther King Font better month by month.
- Pay as long as you use the font.
- Cancel at any time.
- As long as you are subscribed, you will receive updates of the font with more letters.
- Your licensing fee is calculated by the number of your company’s employees. The number includes workers, doormen, assistants, sub-contractors, interns,
- Add 5€ per employee of your company to your monthly fee.
- Client work (e.g. Advertisement), add 2€ for every employee of your client’s company.
Example: Company with 5 employees: 5 x 5€ = 25€, working for a client with 20 employees: 20 x 2€ = 40€, Total price: 65€ per month.
- Pay one-time.
- Use the font as long as you like.
- You will receive all the
updatesof the font.
- Your licensing fee is calculated by the number of your company’s employees. The number includes workers, doormen, assistants, sub-contractors, interns, etc.
baseprice is 50€ (1 employee), please add 25€ for every employee of your company.
- Client work (e.g. Advertisement), add 2€ for every employee of your client’s company.
Example: Company with 5 employees: 50€ + (4 x 25€) = 150€, working for a client with 20 employees: 20 x 2€ = 40€, Total price: 190€ one-time.
LICENSE GRANTED BY INTELLECTUAL PROPERTIES MANAGEMENT, ATLANTA, GEORGIA, AS EXCLUSIVE LICENSOR OF THE KING ESTATE.